Political Pamphleteer, Playwright, Activist
May 7, 1748—November 3, 1793
The fictional meeting between Olympe de Gouges and Marie Antoinette in La France Sauvée ou le Tyran Détroné is based on a visit Gouges made to the Tuileries to solicit support for a push to make the death of the Mayor of Estampes a national holiday. The Mayor was killed trying to protect the wheat supplies. Gouges started a fund and invited the Queen to contribute. She visited the Tuileries and threatened to make a scene before the Princess of Lamballe if the Queen did not participate. Marie Antoinette did make a donation but she and Gouges never met. In the play, Gouges is presented as a common woman who is wise but brash, much like the real Olympe.
Fig. 1. Anonymous French draftsman, Portrait of Marie Olympe de Gouges. 1793, watercolor, 28.0 x 21.3 cm. Musée du Louvre, Paris, France. Available from: ARTstor. Accessed April 29, 2019. http://www.artstor.org.